Dometic RV Air Conditioner Troubleshooting(Not working?)
When you are in your RV driving down the road, you want to experience the cool air coming from the vents to flow throughout your vehicle, especially during those warm days and nights.
Now, imagine trying to turn on your AC and then nothing comes out, or perhaps it works but only for a short while. However, even if it works, instead of releasing cool air, it releases hotter air which only makes the matter worse. You decide to roll down your window so you can generate a little breeze as you drive, but this is not how it’s supposed to be. Furthermore, driving at night with an open window is not safe at all, especially when you are in the middle of nowhere.
You know that you have to pull over soon and have your AC issue addressed by a professional. But wait, do you have to wait for the professional really? Besides, it might be a while before you get hold of the professional. So, you definitely need to know how to troubleshoot your Dometic RV air conditioner so you can do it yourself when you need to. Below are tips on how to do just that.
How does the AC work?
First of all, you need to know how your AC functions. In summary, the air conditioner may also consist of a heating system, whereby it may include a fan which blows cooled air inside your RV and a compressor which serves the purpose of circulating a cooling fluid such as Freon through the fins and coils of the condenser. A thermostat is responsible for turning off the compressor and the fan. The thermostat is a switch that is attached to the thermometer, and it is kick-started by a single capacitor or more capacitors. The 12-volt electrical system of the RV is the one responsible for running the thermostat as well as other controls.
Besides having a good electrical and mechanical aptitude as well as a working knowledge of electronics, the following are the basic tools that you need to have:
Keep in mind that you will be operating on live circuits and moving parts that are located on the roof of your RV. So, make sure that your fingers do not come close to the moving parts. In addition, ensure that your intervention does not result in even more damage than the damage that you had initially.
Basic areas to check
For starters, check on these areas so as to figure out what the problem is.
Inside your RV
Thermostat- Is your thermostat on? Is it set on a much lower temperature compared to the temperature inside your RV?
AC circuit- Have the breakers of your AC circuit tripped? If they have, you need to simply turn them off fully and then turn them back on. Remove the breaker, then using your voltmeter; check the breaker’s power supply. If the power supply is available, reset the breaker after reinserting it.
AC cover- Take out the AC cover at the position where the filter usually sits. Then, turn on the AC, do you see or smell anything out of the ordinary such as burned wires or obstructions?
The wires- Look out for broken or loose wires. Here, you can see either one or more RJ11 cables and connectors which look like phone cables. Disconnect these wires and then reconnect them and ensure that they all seat well. If you find more than one cable, disconnect and reconnect one cable at a tie and make sure that you connect them properly.
RJ11 connection- Using an eraser, clear up the RJ11 connection’s male end and then with utmost care, plug and unplug these connections a few times.
Thermostat- Go back to the thermostat and with utmost care, separate the thermostat from the wall and then check whether you are able to disconnect and then reconnect the cable.If possible reset the thermostat. You can check your owner’s manual for the proper steps of resetting the thermostat.
Outside your RV
If the problem persists even after doing the above, then you need to go outside and carry out further tests. Precisely, you need to get on your RV’s roof to do this. Remember, if you are uncomfortable working with electricity or working on the roof, then don’t do it.
- Get on the roof and take off the AC shroud so you can access the electrical elements and panels to the motor.
- Then, if you have power, use your volt meter to check the power and then, ensure that the voltage/amperage readings are okay. Check your owner’s manual for guidance.
- In case you do not see the proper voltage or amperage, then you have to check for continuity. If continuity is lost, then you need to check the wires for corroded connections, loose or brokenness. If the wires are in any of these connections, you might have to redo the connections after opening them. Additionally, you may have no choice but to trace the circuits all the way to the breakers.
The control board
Have a look at the control board. Then, carry out any of the connections either out or into the control board. Does the control board look broken, loose or burnt? Does any component look scorched or discolored? Can you smell a burnt insulation? If there is any wire which is broken or loose, fix it. If there is anything unusual about the control board, then you may have to replace the control board or you can have it repaired at the nearest RV repair facility.
In addition, make sure you have a look at the thermistor and see if it operates properly. Connect the thermistor lead to your volt-ohm meter and then apply heat to the copper wire. In case of a drop in resistance, the thermistor is in good condition.
In case your AC is still not functioning properly, do further and check whether the capacitors and the relays are operating properly. You can only do this if you are comfortable and knowledgeable.
So there you have it, tips on how to troubleshoot your Dometic A RV air conditioner (AC). However, what are some of the common problems that can result in the need to troubleshoot your Dometic AC? Below are some of the most common reasons for troubleshooting the RV air conditioner.
- Instead of your AC working, it makes noise.
- Your AC fan and compressor takes time to start and even after starting, it does not blow any air or it blows air weakly, instead of blowing cool air, it blows warm air.
- Your AC stops working after a while
- There is no air that is blowing or no cooling
Common RV AC problems and their causes
Your AC is likely to overheat if you fail to clean the coils. The coils here refer to the tube that which extends out from the AC unit. It is just inevitable, that after a while, these coils will have deposits of pollutants and dirt inside them as a result of their exposure to outdoor conditions. The dirt and pollutants act as insulators which prevent the refrigerants from absorbing the heat from the inside and then releasing the heat out. Aside from dirty coils, overheating may be caused by dirt in the filter, an old compressor, short circuit, high voltage, a big room or simply the lack of maintenance.
A dripping unit
One of the causes of this problem is the water that has condensed in the wrong place. One of the wrong places where water can condense at times is in the pan located under the air conditioner. This can happen if the fan does not evaporate the water. Nevertheless, such a buildup of water may be caused by dirty coils, which means that for you to remedy the problem, you simply clean the coils.
A noisy motor
In case your motor is noisy, investigate the issue by removing the cover from the AC and then check to see if everything is in the right place. Sometimes, the noise may be as a result of the rubber shock absorbers located on the compressor interfering with the unit’s motion.
Ways of maintaining your Dometic RV air conditioner
Open the roof vent once in a while
In case you are spending much of your time engaging in outdoor activities, you definitely do not need the AC to keep running while you are outside, do you? So, be sure to open up the roof vent so that the moisture can evaporate. This is a simple trick that will keep your AC functioning properly for a long time.
Check the condenser
At least twice a year, check your condenser. You may be having a condenser coil which is blocked by either leaves or dirt. If the condenser is blocked; the inside of your RV will likely remain hot. To get that cool breezy air in your RV, make sure that you keep checking the condition of your condenser even if just twice a year. If the condenser is still not cooling even after unblocking it, you may need to look for another one to replace it.
Manage the thermostat settings
You need to have an air conditioner in your RV so the air inside it may be cool. However, make sure that you are not overloading the capacity of your RV. Instead of setting your AC at a low temperature, simply turn the fan to ‘on’. If you do this, your AC will be able to get the heat or cold that you desire in your RV. Always keep the temperature settings at a moderate level so that your AC unit may have a longer life besides performing better.
Oil the fan
The fan inside the AC unit does a difficult job of keeping the air circulating, so why not ensure that it is in perfect condition? In order to ensure that it works well as well as for longer, keep it well oiled. In addition to oiling the bearings of the fan, it is a good idea to clean the accumulated debris that is both on the front as well as the rear fan blades.
To fully access both ends of these bearings, you may have to loosen the fan motor from its mounting. In case the RV fan motor has oil tubes for lubricating the fan, simply put a few drops of the machine oil into the tubes located on either end of the motor. If instead of having ball bearings, the motor has sleeves, dribble just a little amount of oil where the sleeves come into contact with the fan motor shafts. For these types of motor fans, a small amount of oil can work wonders.
Keep the AC unit covered during offseason
When not using your RV, make sure that your RV air conditioner stays covered. This can help you avoid the repairs which can turn out to be costly. Purchase a cover that is inexpensive to cover your RV whenever the RV is not in use. Besides, there is a high chance that you are not going to use your RV throughout the year; there will come a time when you will need to store the vehicle for some time. Whether you decide to store it in some storage facility or just in your driveway, it is always a wise decision to invest in a cover for your RV. Besides keeping the air conditioner of your RV in top shape, the cover will also protect your RV from the adverse effects of Mother Nature.
Your AC is an important component of your RV; however, it cannot work on its own forever. There are several issues to do with your AC which can be fixed by simply cleaning it regularly and maintaining it. For instance, if you stick to a cleaning schedule every six months, you will be able to avoid many of the issues mentioned above.
Hopefully, the above information will enable you to troubleshoot your Dometic RV air conditioner whenever you need to. Remember that even though you can do all of the above by yourself, incase the problem is not fixed; you should involve the services of a professional. Having said that, remember to never service a running AC unit or one which is still plugged in.